15 October 2023
As scholars and practitioners of international law, conflict studies and genocide studies, we are compelled to sound the alarm about the possibility of the crime of genocide being perpetrated by Israeli forces against Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. We do not do so lightly, recognising the weight of this crime, but the gravity of the current situation demands it.
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Full Public Statement: Scholars Warn of Potential Genocide in Gaza
As scholars and practitioners of international law, conflict studies and genocide studies, we are compelled to sound the alarm about the possibility of the crime of genocide being perpetrated by Israeli forces against Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. We do not do so lightly, recognising the weight of this crime, but the gravity of the current situation demands it.
The pre-existing conditions in the Gaza Strip had already prompted discussions of genocide prior to the current escalation – such as by the National Lawyers Guild in 2014, the Russell Tribunal on Palestine in 2014, and the Center for Constitutional Rights in 2016. Scholars have warned over the years that the siege of Gaza may amount to a “prelude to genocide” or a “slow-motion genocide”. The prevalence of racist and dehumanising language and hate speech in social media was also noted in a warning issued in July 2014 by the UN Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide and Special Adviser on the Responsibility to Protect, in response to Israel’s conduct against the protected Palestinian population. The Special Advisers noted that individual Israelis had disseminated messages that could be dehumanising to the Palestinians and that had called for the killing of members of this group, and reiterated that incitement to commit atrocity crimes is prohibited under international law.
Israel’s current military offensive on the Gaza Strip since 7 October 2023, however, is unprecedented in scale and severity, and consequently in its ramifications for the population of Gaza. Following the incursion by Palestinian armed groups on 7 October 2023, including criminal attacks against Israeli civilians, the Gaza Strip has been subjected to incessant and indiscriminate bombardment by Israeli forces. Between 7 October and 9:00 a.m. on 15 October, there have been 2,329 Palestinians killed and 9,042 Palestinians injured in Israeli attacks on Gaza, including over 724 children, huge swathes of neighbourhoods and entire families across Gaza have been obliterated. Israel’s Defence Minister ordered a “complete siege” of the Gaza Strip prohibiting the supply of fuel, electricity, water and other essential necessities. This terminology itself indicates an intensification of an already illegal, potentially genocidal siege to an outright destructive assault.
Late on 12 October, the Israeli authorities issued an order for more than 1.1million Palestinians in Gaza City and the northern Gaza Strip to leave their homes and flee to the south of Gaza within 24 hours, knowing that this would be practically impossible for many. Palestinians who did start to evacuate south reported that civilians and ambulances were targeted and hit by Israeli airstrikes on the designated “safe route”, killing at least 70 Palestinians who were fleeing to seek refuge. The ICRC stated that “the evacuation orders, coupled with the complete siege” are incompatible with international humanitarian law. Almost half a million Palestinians have already been displaced, and Israeli forces have bombed the only possible exit route that Israel does not control, the Rafah crossing to Egypt multiple times. The World Health Organisation published a warning that “[f]orcing more than 2000 patients to relocate to southern Gaza, where health facilities are already running at maximum capacity and unable to absorb a dramatic rise in the number patients, could be tantamount to a death sentence”.
There has also been an escalation of violence, arrests, expulsions, and destruction of whole Palestinian communities in the occupied West Bank and Jerusalem. Since 7 October, Israeli settlers, with the backing of the army and police, have attacked and shot Palestinian civilians at point blank range (as documented in the villages of a-Tuwani and Qusra), have invaded their homes and assaulted residents. A number of Palestinian communities have already been forced to abandon their homes, after which settlers arrived and destroyed their property. Between 7 – 15 October, Al-Haq documented the killing by Israeli military and settlers of 55 Palestinians in the West Bank, and more the injury of 1,200 Palestinians there.
Statements of Israeli officials since 7 October 2023 suggest that beyond the killings and restriction of basic conditions for life perpetrated against Palestinians in Gaza, there are also indications that the ongoing and imminent Israeli attacks on the Gaza Strip are being conducted with potentially genocidal intent. Language used by Israeli political and military figures appears to reproduce rhetoric and tropes associated with genocide and incitement to genocide. Dehumanising descriptions of Palestinians have been prevalent. Israeli Defense Minister Yoav Gallant declared on 9 October that “we are fighting human animals and we act accordingly”. He subsequently announced that Israel was moving to “a full-scale response” and that he had “removed every restriction” on Israeli forces, as well as stating: “Gaza won’t return to what it was before. We will eliminate everything.” On 10 October, the head of the Israeli army’s Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories (COGAT), Maj. Gen. Ghassan Alian, addressed a message directly to Gaza residents: “Human animals must be treated as such. There will be no electricity and no water, there will only be destruction. You wanted hell, you will get hell”. The same day, Israeli army spokesperson Daniel Hagari acknowledged the wanton and intentionally destructive nature of Israel’s bombing campaign in Gaza: “The emphasis is on damage and not on accuracy.”
Since 2007, Israel has defined the Gaza Strip as a whole as an “enemy entity”. On 7 October, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said that Gazans would pay an “immense price” for the actions of Hamas fighters. He asserted that Israel will wage a prolonged offensive and will turn parts of Gaza’s densely populated urban centres “into rubble”. Israel’s President emphasised that the Israeli authorities view the entire Palestinian population of Gaza as responsible for the actions of militant groups, and subject accordingly to collective punishment and unrestricted use of force: “It is an entire nation out there that is responsible. It is not true this rhetoric about civilians not being aware, not involved. It’s absolutely not true”. Israeli Minister of Energy and Infrastructure Israel Katz added: “All the civilian population in Gaza is ordered to leave immediately. We will win. They will not receive a drop of water or a single battery until they leave the world.”
Evidence of incitement to genocide has also been present in Israeli public discourse. This ranges from statements by elected officials – such as Knesset member Ariel Kallner’s call on 7 October for “one goal: Nakba! [catastrophe for Palestinians] A Nakba that will overshadow the Nakba of 1948” – to public banners displayed in Israeli cities calling for a “victory” signified by “zero population in Gaza” and the “annihilation of Gaza”. On national television, security correspondent Alon Ben David relayed the Israeli military’s plan to destroy Gaza City, Jabaliyya, Beit Lahiya, and Beit Hanun. Such statements are not new and resonate with a wider Israeli discourse showcasing the intent for elimination and genocide against the Palestinian people. Earlier in the year, for example, Israeli Minister of Finance Bezalel Smotrich called Palestinians “repugnant”, “disgusting” and called for “wiping out” the entire Palestinian village of Huwwara in the West Bank.
On 12 October 2023, a group of UN Special Rapporteurs’ condemned “Israel’s indiscriminate military attacks against the already exhausted Palestinian people of Gaza, comprising over 2.3 million people, nearly half of whom are children. They have lived under unlawful blockade for 16 years, and already gone through five major brutal wars, which remain unaccounted for”. The UN experts warned against “the withholding of essential supplies such as food, water, electricity and medicines. Such actions will precipitate a severe humanitarian crisis in Gaza, where its population is now at inescapable risk of starvation. Intentional starvation is a crime against humanity”. On 14 October 2023, the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the occupied Palestinian territory warned against “a repeat of the 1948 Nakba, and the 1967 Naksa, yet on a larger scale” as Israel carries out “mass ethnic cleansing of Palestinians under the fog of war”.
The Palestinian people constitute a national group for the purposes of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (the Genocide Convention). The Palestinians of the Gaza Strip constitute a substantial proportion of the Palestinian nation, and are being targeted by Israel because they are Palestinian. The Palestinian population of Gaza appears to be presently subjected by the Israeli forces and authorities to widespread killing, bodily and mental harm, and unviable conditions of life – against a backdrop of Israeli statements which evidence signs of intent to physically destroy the population.
Article II of the Genocide Convention provides that “genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.”
All states are bound as a matter of law by the principle that genocide is a crime prohibited under international law. The International Court of Justice has affirmed that the prohibition of genocide is a peremptory norm of international law from which no derogation is allowed. The Convention provides that individuals who attempt genocide or who incite to genocide “shall be punished, whether they are constitutionally responsible rulers, public officials or private individuals”.
Article I of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide provides that: “The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whether committed in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law which they undertake to prevent and to punish”. The International Court of Justice has clarified that “a State’s obligation to prevent, and the corresponding duty to act, arise at the instant that the State learns of, or should normally have learned of, the existence of a serious risk that genocide will be committed. From that moment onwards, if the State has available to it means likely to have a deterrent effect on those suspected of preparing genocide, or reasonably suspected of harbouring specific intent (dolus specialis), it is under a duty to make such use of these means as the circumstances permit”.
Palestinian human rights organisations, Jewish civil society groups, Holocaust and genocide studies scholars and others have by now warned of an imminent genocide against the Palestinian population in Gaza. We emphasise the existence of a serious risk of genocide being committed in the Gaza Strip.
The undersigned urgently appeal to states to take concrete and meaningful steps to individually and collectively prevent genocidal acts, in line with their legal duty to prevent the crime of genocide. They must protect the Palestinian population, and ensure that Israel refrains from any further incitement to genocide and from the perpetration of conduct prohibited by Article II of the Genocide Convention.
All states should immediately act under Article VIII of the Genocide Convention, and should call upon the competent organs of the United Nations, particularly the UN General Assembly, to take urgent action under the Charter of the United Nations appropriate for the prevention and suppression of acts of genocide. We note specifically the role of the General Assembly here, given that the Security Council is compromised by the United States and the United Kingdom (both permanent veto-holding members) sending military forces to the eastern Mediterranean in support of Israel.
We recall that in 1982, the General Assembly condemned the massacre of Palestinian civilians in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps as “an act of genocide”. We note also that the state of Palestine is entitled to initiate, in accordance with Article IX of the Genocide Convention, proceedings before the International Court of Justice in order to prevent the perpetration of genocidal acts.
Finally, we call on all relevant UN bodies, including the Office on Genocide Prevention and the Responsibility to Protect, as well as the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court to immediately intervene, to carry out the necessary investigations and invoke the necessary warning procedures to protect the Palestinian population from genocide.
Aannd Vaidya, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Reed College
2. Aaron Seymour, Lecturer, University of Technology Sydney
3. Aasiya Lodhi, Senior Lecturer, University of Westminster.
4. Abdelghany Sayed, Assistant Lecturer, PhD Candidate, Kent Law School.
5. Abdullah Omran, PhD student, Indiana University
6. Abigail Balbale, New York University
7. Académico Depto Filosofía, UMCE
8. Adalmir Marquetti, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS).
9. Adrian Carrillo Gomez, PhD student, Deusto University.
10. Afshin Matin-asgari, Professor of Middle East history, California State University, Los Angeles
11. Ahmad Al-Dissi, Professor, University of Saskatchewan
12. Ahmad Fouad, Lecturer of Law, the British University in Egypt
13. Ahmad Khaled, PhD, Assistant Professor of Public Law, Birzeit University.
14. Ahmad Mustafa, a Ph.D. student at the University of Kansas
15. Ahmed Selim, PhD Student, University of Chicago
16. Ahmet Ferhat Baran, PhD Student, University of Aberdeen.
17. Ajantha Subramanian, Professor, City University of New York.
18. Alba Valenciano-Mañé, post-doctoral researcher, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid
19. Alessandra Mezzadri SOAS Reader in Global Development and Political Economy
20. Alessandro Donadio Miebach, Adjunct Professor, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul.
21. Alexander D. Barder, Professor of International Relations, Florida International University
22. Alexandre Abreu, Assistant Professor, ISEG-Lisbon School of Economics and Management.
23. Alfredo Alietti professor University of Ferrara Italy
24. Ali Cebeci, PhD, Georgetown University
25. Ali Raza, Associate Professor, Lahore University of Management Sciences
26. Alicia Campos Serrano, Profesora Titular, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
27. Alina ahmadi Red Cross Vlaanderen
28. Alison Phipps UNESCO Chair University of Glasgow
29. Allison Whitenack, MPhil Candidate in International Development, University of Oxford
30. Alyosxa Tudor, Reader in Gender Studies, SOAS University of London.
31. Alyssa Kristeller, Graduate Student Georgetown University.
32. Amal Rammah, research scientist, University College London.
33. Aman, Associate Professor of Legal Practice, Jindal Global University
34. Aman, Associate Professor of Legal Practice, Jindal Global University
35. Aman, Associate Professor of Legal Practice, Jindal Global University
36. Amber De Clerck, PhD Student & Teaching Assistant, Ghent University, Belgium
37. Amber Lakhani, PhD Candidate & GTA, SOAS University of London.
38. Amira Abdelhamid, Lecturer in International Relations, University of Portsmouth
39. Ammar Hachicho, piano instructor, National Higher Conservatory of Music Beirut
40. Amy Strecker, Associate Professor of Law, University College Dublin
41. Anamika Misra, Associate Lecturer, University of Bristol.
42. Anand Sheombar, researcher & lecturer, HU University of Applied Sciences Utrecht, NL.
43. Ananya Chakravarti, Associate Professor of History, Georgetown University
44. Anas Karzai. — Laurentian University — Canada
45. Andrea Battinelli, retired
46. Andrea Cornwall, Professor of Global Development and Anthropology, King’s College London.
47. Andrea Maria Pelliconi, Teaching Associate, University of Nottingham
48. Andrea Mura, Senior Lecturer, Goldsmiths, University of London
49. Andrew Bush, Assistant Professor, Bard College
50. Angana Chatterji, University of California, Berkeley.
51. Angela Daly, Professor of Law & Technology, University of Dundee.
52. Angela Smith, Sessional Academic, University of New South Wales
53. Angela Zito Anthropology/Religious Studies NYU
54. Anita H. Fábos, Professor, International Development, Community & Environment Department, Clark University
55. Anita Rupprecht, University of Brighton
56. Anjali Arondekar, Professor, Feminist Studies, UCSC
57. Anna Bigelow, Stanford University.
58. Anna Ferguson, Georgetown University
59. Anna Rosellini, University of Bologna
60. Anna-Claire Steffen, PhD Candidate, UMass Amherst
61. Annaclaudia Martini, Assistant Professor at University of Bologna, Italy
62. Annapurna Menon, Teaching Associate, University of Sheffield
63. Anne Berg, Assistant Professor of History, University of Pennsylvania.
64. Anne Hunnell Chen, Assistant Professor of Art History and visual culture, Bard College
65. Anne Norton, Professor, University of Pennsylvania
66. Anneke Newman, Senior Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Ghent
67. Anooradha Iyer Siddiqi, Barnard College, Columbia University
68. Anthony Alessandrini, Professor, City University of New York
69. Anthony Gorman, Senior Lecturer, University of Edinburgh.
70. Anton Shammas, Prof. Emeritus of Middle East Literatures, University of Michigan
71. Antonio Scialà, Università Roma Tre, Italy
72. Antonio Y. Vazquez-Arroyo, Associate Professor, Rutgers University-Newark.
73. Anuradha Chenoy retired Jawaharlal Nehru University
74. Anwar Mohiuddin, Process Engineer, Intel
75. Arab Loutfi , Film maker, Adjunct faculty at AUC
76. Arathi Sriprakash, University of Oxford
77. Arun Kundnani, independent scholar and writer
78. Arzu Somalı, PhD student, University of Istanbul.
79. Ashok Kumar, Senior Lecturer of Political Economy, Birkbeck University.
80. Asli Bali, Professor of Law, Yale University.
81. Astrid Mrkich, refugee lawyer, Toronto, Canada
82. Ata Hindi, Birzeit University.
83. Atiya Habeeb Kidwai, retired Professor, Jawharlal Nehru University, India
84. Ayesha Khalid Chaudhry, Doctoral candidate at Deakin University Australia
85. Ayesha Umaña Dajud, JSD student, Cornell University
86. Ayushman Bhagat, Lecturer, Brunel University London
87. Azam Khatam, Instructor at York University
88. Azeezah Kanji, legal academic and journalist.
89. Badreddine Rachidi, Graduate Student & Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University.
90. Baki Tezcan, Professor of History, University of California, Davis
91. Barbara Aiolfi research fellow University of Milan – BICOCCA
92. Barbara De Poli, Associate Professor, Ca’ Foscari University Venice
93. Barry Trachtenberg, Rubin Presidential Chair of Jewish History, Wake Forest University, North Carolina.
A. Basheer Ahmad, Retired professor, JNU, New Delhi
94. Bashir Saade, Lecturer in Politics and Religion, University of Stirling.
95. Bayan Abusneineh, Assistant Professor, Ohio State University
96. Ben Whitham, Lecturer in International Relations, SOAS University of London
97. Ben Wiedel-Kaufmann, Lecturer, The Open University.
98. Benjamin Selwyn, Professor of International Relations and Development, University of Sussex.
99. Berklee Baum, DPhil, University of Oxford
100. Besan Jaber, Georgetown University.
101. Bielasan Tareq Zaina, PhD Student, Georgetown University.
102. Bikrum Gill, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Virginia Tech
103. Bilal Maanaki University of Virginia
104. Bilge Yesil, City University of New York
105. Bircan Ciytak, Research Fellow, University of Birmingham
106. Birgul Kutan , University of Sussex
107. Bishnupriya Ghosh, Professor, UC Santa Barbara
108. Brannon Ingram, Associate Professor of Religious Studies, Northwestern University
109. Brenna Bhandar, Associate Professor, Allard Law Faculty
110. Brenna Bhandar, Associate Professor, Allard Law Faculty
111. Brenna Bhandar, Associate Professor, Allard Law Faculty
112. Bridget Guarasci, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Franklin & Marshall College
113. Bruce Robbins, Columbia University
114. Camila Vergara, Senior Lecturer, University of Essex
115. Camilo Pérez-Bustillo, Executive Director, National Lawyers’ Guild-San Francisco Bay Area chapter
116. Carlo Caprioglio, Legal Clinic on Migration and Asylum, Università Roma Tre
117. Carlo Leget, Professor of Care Ethics, University of Humanistic Studies.
118. Carlos Bichet, Assistant Professor, Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Políticas , Universidad de Panama.
119. Carlos Escrich Velázquez, Independent Scholar.
120. Catherine Larocque, PhD candidate, University of Ottawa
121. Cemil Aydin, Professor of International History, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
122. Ceyda Turan, Lawyer at Turan Law Office
123. Chaman Lal Retd Professor JNU
124. Charles des Portes, Teaching Fellow in Political Theory, University of Leeds
125. Charlotte Grace, Royal College of Art, UK.
126. Cheryl Gaster, LL.B., C. Med. Human Rights Lawyer (Retired), Mediator
127. Chiara De Cesari, Professor of Heritage, Memory and Cultural Studies, University of Amsterdam.
128. Chiara Pagano, Post-doc, University of Graz
129. Chi-Chi Shi, PhD Researcher, Durham University
130. Chris Barker, Assistant Professor, The American University in Cairo
131. Chris Dole, Professor of Anthropology, Amherst College
132. Chris Gilbert, Professor of Political Studies, Universidad Bolivariana de Venezuela
133. Christina Murray, Graduate Student, MAAS, Georgetown.
134. Christine Hong, Professor, UC Santa Cruz
135. Christo El Morr, Professor, York University, Canada
136. Christopher Parker, Associate Professor, Ghent University
137. Cigdem Cidam, Professor of Political Science, Union College Schenectady NY
138. Cira Pascual Marquina, Professor of Political Studies, Universidad Bolivariana de Venezuela
139. Claire Begbie, PhD student at Concordia University, Montreal.
140. Claire Gallien, Professor, University Montpellier 3
141. Clara Han, Professor of Anthropology, Johns Hopkins University
142. Claudia Dides, Universidad de Santiago.
143. Claudia Saba, Adjunct Lecturer, Ramon Llull University
144. Clement Sichimwa, Lecturer and Researcher at University of Zambia
145. Clif P Lewis, Psychologist, LBVC
146. Clod Marlan Krister Yambao, Asst. Professor University of the Philippines Dept. of Art Studies and Doctoral Research Fellow, Conflict Research Group, Ghent Univesity
147. Colleen Bell, Associate Professor, Univeristy of Saskatchewan
148. Cristiana Fiamingo
149. Cristiana Fiamingo, assistant prof. University of Milan
150. Cristina Bacchilega, Professor Emerita, University of Hawaii-Manoa
151. Dalia Said Mostafa, Associate Professor, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar
152. Daniel Brown, PhD, LSE Sociology Department
153. Daniel Segal, Jean M Pitzer Professor Emeritus, Pitzer College
154. Daniel Stein, Assistant Professor, O.P. Jindal Global Law School
155. Daniela Meneghini ca’ Foscari università of Venice
156. Daniela Pioppi University of Naples L’Orientale
157. Danielle Fernandes, Doctoral researcher, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
158. Dara Leyden, PhD candidate, Queen Mary University of London
159. Darryl Li, Associate Professor of Anthropology and Associate Member of the Law School, University of Chicago.
160. David Leadbeater, Adjunct Professor, Laurentian University, Canada
161. David Palumbo-Liu, Louise Hewlett Nixon Professor, Stanford University.
162. David Thwo Goldberg, Professor, University of California, Irvine
163. David van Leeuwen, professor, Radboud University Nijmegen
164. David Whyte, Professor of Climate Justice, Queen Mary University of London
165. Dearbhla Minogue, Senior Lawyer at Global Legal Action Network
166. Deborah B. Gould, Professor of Sociology, University of California, Santa Cruz
167. Deborah Lawson, PhD Candidate, School of Law and Social Justice, University of Liverpool.
168. Deen Sharp, Visiting Fellow, LSE
169. Diana Allan, McGill University.
170. Diane Lamoureux, professeure émérite, Université Laval.
171. Dima Srouji, Royal College of Art.
172. Dimitri Van Den Meerssche, Lecturer, Queen Mary University of London.
173. Dina M. Siddiqi, Global Liberal Studies, New York University
174. Dina Matar, Professor Political Communication, SOAS
175. Dina Matar, Professor, SOAS
176. Dino Pancani C, Facultad de Comunicacion e Imagen, Universidad de Chile.
177. Dolly Kikon, University of Melbourne
178. Donia Khraishi, Georgetown University
179. Douaa sheet, Assistant Professor, American University
180. Dr Adam Elliott-Cooper, Lecturer, School of Politics and International Relations, Queen Mary University of London
181. Dr Benjamin Thorne, Lecturer in Law, University of Kent.
182. Dr Catherine Charrett, Senior Lecturer, International Relations, University of Westminster.
183. Dr Daragh Murray, Senior Lecturer, School of Law, Queen Mary University of London.
184. Dr Francesca Romana Ammaturo, Senior Lecturer, London Metropolitan University.
185. Dr Gearóid Ó Cuinn, Founding Director, Global Legal Action Network (GLAN)
186. Dr Hayley Gibson, University of Kent.
187. Dr Irene Sotiropoulou, Independent Scholar
188. Dr Jeffrey Stevenson Murer, Senior Lecturer on Collective Violence,University of St Andrews
189. Dr Karen Crawley, Senior Lecturer, Griffith Law School
190. Dr Ken Fero Assistant Professor Coventry University
191. Dr Leon Sealey-Huggins, Assistant Professor of Global Sustainable Development, University of Warwick
192. Dr Marios Costa, Senior Lecturer, City, University of London
193. Dr Mohja Kahf, professor of comparative literature, University of Arkansas
194. Dr Nicole Beardsworth, Wits University
195. Dr Ronit Lentin, Retired Associate Professor, Sociology, Trinity College Dublin
196. Dr Sabreena Ghaffar-Siddiqui Sheridan College
197. Dr Sara Razai , Lecturer University of Westminster.
198. Dr Souheir Edelbi, Lecturer, School of Law, Western Sydney University
199. Dr. Aanchal Saraf, Dartmouth College
200. Dr. Afshin Matin-asgari Middle East History professor California State University, Los Angles
201. Dr. alma khasawnih, The College of New Jersey
202. Dr. Banah Ghadbian, Assistant Professor Of Comparative Women’s Studies, Spelman College
203. Dr. Curtis F.J. Doebbler, Research Professor of Law, Department of Law, University of Makeni.
204. Dr. Edemilson Paraná, Associate Professor of Social Sciences, LUT University, Finland
205. Dr. Eric Hooglund, Editor, Middle East Critique
206. Dr. Fatima Sajjad, Associate professor, Director Center for Critical Peace Studies, University of Management and Technology Lahore
207. Dr. Giorgia Baldi, Lecturer, University of Sussex.
208. Dr. Hassan Jabareen, General Director, Adalah Legal Center.
209. Dr. John Cox, Director, Center for Holocaust, Genocide & Human Rights Studies, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.
210. Dr. Kalbir Shukra, former senior lecturer now independent researcher.
211. Dr. Maja Pan, Independent researcher.
212. Dr. Marcela Pizarro , Lecturer, Goldsmiths, Univeristy of London
213. Dr. Marcela Pizarro, Goldsmiths, University of London
214. Dr. Mehmet Erken, İstanbul University
215. Dr. Mikki Stelder, Assistant Professor Global Arts and Politics, University of Amsterdam.
216. Dr. Mohamad Arnaout, Associate Ptofessor, Lebanese International University
217. Dr. Namita Wahi, Senior Fellow, Centre for Policy Research.
218. Dr. Nimer Sultany, Reader in Public Law, SOAS University of London.
219. Dr. Osama Siddique. Inaugural Henry J. Steiner Professor of Human Rights. Harvard law School.
220. Dr. S. Hasan Mahmud, retired professor Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
221. Dr. Salem Abdellatif Al-Shawafi, Professor of Philosophy, Community College Qatar.
222. Dr. Sara Alsaraf, University of Birmingham, UK, PhD Student
223. Dr. Vidya Kumar, Senior Lecturer in Law, SOAS, University of London
224. Durgesh Solanki, Student, Johns Hopkins University
225. Eduardo Villavicencio, PhD Student, Kent Law School.
226. Edwin Bikundo, Senior Lecturer, Griffith Law School
227. Eftychia Mylona, Lecturer, Leiden University
228. Egidio de Bustamante, Senior Lecturer, Unit for Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Innsbruck.
229. Ekin Kurtic, Postdoctoral Fellow, Northwestern University
230. Elena Vezzadini, Research affiliate, Institute for African Worlds
231. Elif Babül, Associate Professor, Mount Holyoke College
232. Elif Durmuş, Postdoctoral Researcher in International Law and Human Rights, University of Antwerp
233. Elisa Giunchi, Professor, Università degli studi di Milano
234. Elizabeth Shakman Hurd, Professor of Politics and Religious Studies, Northwestern University.
235. Elora Halim Chowdhury, Professor, UMass Boston
236. Elora Shehabuddin, Professor, UC Berkeley
237. Elyse Crystall, Teaching Professor, UNC Chapel Hill
238. Emilio Dabed, adjunct professor of law, York University, Toronto
239. Emily J. Sumner, Ph.D. candidate, University of Minneosta
240. Emily Watkins, Graduate Teaching Assistant/Instructor, University of Kansas
241. Emma Palmer, Senior Lecturer, Griffith University
242. Enrica Rigo, Associate professor of law, University of Roma Tre
243. Eren Duzgun, Assistant Professor of International Relations, University of Cyprus
244. Eskandar Sadeghi, Associate Professor, University of York
245. Estella Carpi, Assistant Professor in Humanitarian Studies, University College London
246. Ettore Asoni, University of Bologna
247. Eva Nanopoulos, Senior Lecturer, Queen Mary University of London.
248. Fabio Lanza, Professor, University of Arizona.
249. Fabio Marcelli, Senior Researcher of the Institute for International legal studies.
250. Fadi Ennab, Vanier Scholar/PhD Student, University of Manitoba
251. Farah Mahmoud, Doctoral Candidate, Florida International University
252. Farida Khan, Professor, University of Colorado
253. Fatemeh Shams, Associate Professor of Persian Studies, University of Pennsylvania, U.S.A
254. Fathimah Fildzah Izzati, PhD Candidate, SOAS University of London
255. Fauzia Ahmad, Senior Lecturer, Goldsmiths
256. Fauzia Rafique, Coordinator, Surrey Muse Arts society
257. Felícia Campos, PhD researcher in Islamic & Middle Eastern Studies, University of Edinburgh.
258. Felicite Fairer-Wessels, emeritus professor, University of Pretoria, South Africa
259. Fernando Quintana, PhD Student and GTA, Queen Mary University of London, School of Law
260. Fida Adely, Assistant Professor, Georgetown University
261. Fien De Meyer, PhD, University of Antwerp.
262. Flagg Miller, Professor, University of California, Davis
263. Francesca Biancani, Associate Professor, University of Bologna
264. Francis Cody, Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of Toronto
265. Francisca James Hernandez, Instructional Faculty, Pima Community College
266. Frederico Augusto Auad de Gomes Filho, Political Science Master Student at IESP-UERJ
267. Fulya Pinar, Postdoctoral scholar, Middle East Studies, Brown University.
268. Gabriela Kuetting, Professor of Global Politics, Rutgers University-Newark
269. Gabriele vom Bruck, SOAS.
270. Gareth Dale, Politics, Brunel University
271. Gary Fields, University of California San Diego
272. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, University University Professor, Columbia University
273. Gennaro Gervasio, Associate Professor, Università Roma Tre
274. German Correa profesor Universidad de Santiago de Chile.
275. Germán Santana Pérez, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
276. Ghada Ageel, University of Alberta.
277. Ghadir Zannoun, Associate Professor, University of Kentucky
278. Gholam Khiabany, Goldsmiths, University of London
279. Gianfranco Ragona, professor at University of Turin
280. Gil Hochberg
281. Gillian Hart, Professor Emeritus, University of California Berkeley
282. Gillian Maris Jones, Ph.D. candidate, University of Pennsylvania
283. Giulia Contes, project manger and PhD student Uantwerpen
284. Giuseppe Aragno, Storico, Fondazione Humaniter, Napoli
285. Giuseppe Aragno, Storico, Fondazione Humaniter, Nspoli
286. Giuseppe Mastruzzo, Director, International University College of Turin
287. Gloria Novovic, Gender, Development and Globalisation Fellow, London School of Economics.
288. Golnar Nikpour, Assistant Professor or History, Dartmouth College
289. Gordon Christie, Professor, Peter A Allard School of Law, University of British Columbia
290. Goretti Horgan, Senior Lecturer, Ulster University
291. Greg Albo, professor, Poltics, York University
292. Greg Burris, Associate Professor, American University of Beirut.
293. Guido Donini, former Assistant Professor 0ffof Classics at the University of Chicagof Classics.of Classic Classics at the University of Chicago
294. Guillermo Gigliani, Professor, Universidad Nacional de Moreno, Argentina
295. Hadia Mubarak, Assistant Professor of Religion, Queens University of Charlotte.
296. Haim Beresheeth, Professorial Research Associate, SOAS University of London.
297. Hakeem Yusuf, Professor of Global Law, University of Derby
298. Hamed Al-Mogarry, Sana’a University.
299. Hanan Elsayed, Occidental College
300. Hanan Kashou, Associate Teaching Professor, Rutger University.
301. Hanan Toukan, Associate Professor, Bard College Berlin
302. Hannah Boast, Chancellor’s Fellow, University of Edinburgh
303. Hannah NS Bahrin, PhD student, Queen Mary University
304. Hannelore Van Bavel, postdoctoral researcher, Vrije Universiteit Brussel & University of Bristol
305. Harold Marcuse, Professor of History, University of California, Santa Barbara
306. Hasan Basri Bülbül, Assistant Professor of International Law, Boğaziçi University, Turkey.
307. Hasan Shuaib, PhD Graduate, Rutgers University
308. Hatice Ozturk, PhD student, Georgetoewn University
309. Hazem Jamjoum, Curator, British Library.
310. Helga Tawil-Souri, Associate Professor, New York University
311. Helmi Mohammed Abdo, Sana’a Community College.
312. Helyeh Doutaghi, Research Scholar, Yale University.
313. Hesham Sallam, Stanford University
314. Hilla Dayan, Lecturer, Amsterdam University College.
315. Hossein Kamaly, Professor of Interfaith Studies. Hartford international University for Religion and Peace
316. Howard Pflanzer, Adj. Associate Professor, Hunter College
317. Howard Winant, University of California, Santa Barbara
318. Howie Rechavia-Taylor, Fellow, LSE
319. Hulya Dagdeviren, Professor of Economic Development, University of Hertfordshire.
320. human being with a moral compass
321. Humeira Iqtidar, King’s College London
322. Huseyin Disli & Kent Law School/Worldwide Lawyers Association Research and Programmes Executive.
323. Idil Abdillahi Assistant Professor, TMU.
324. Ignasi Bernat, Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Sociology, University of Barcelona
325. Iklil Bouhmouch, Masters student, Georgetown University
326. Iman AbuAitah, MSW Student, University of Washington
327. Imtiaz Hasnain Retd Prof AMU Aligsrh
328. Inessa Hadjivayanis, PhD candidate, SOAS.
329. Inge van Nistelrooij, associate professor, University of Humanistic Studies, Utrecht.
330. Intan Suwandi, Assistant Professor of Sociology, Illinois State University.
331. Iqra Anugrah, Research Fellow, International Institute for Asian Studies, Leiden University.
332. Ira Bhaskar, Retd. Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
333. Irene Van Staveren, professor of economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
334. Irina Ceric, Assistant Professor, University of Windsor Faculty of Law
335. Isabel Huacuja Alonso Columbia University Assistant Professor
336. Isabel Käser, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Bern
337. Isabela Cabral Félix de Sousa , Research, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
338. Isabella Camera d’Afflitto – Honorary Professor, Sapienza università di Roma
339. Isabelle Houghton, Masters Candidate, Arab Studies, Georgetown University SFS.
340. Isabelle Mildonian, Graduate, Roanoke College.
341. Işıl Aral, Assistant professor of international law, Koç University
342. Isobel Roele, Reader in Law, Queen Mary University of London
343. J. Travis Shutz, Assistant Professor, California State University Los Angeles
344. Jack Halberstam, Columbia University
345. Jack McGinn, PhD candidate, LSE
346. Jairo I. Fúnez-Flores, Texas Tech University
347. Jalal Kawash, Academic, University of Calgary
348. Jamal Ali, Assistant Teaching Professor, Rutgers University
349. James Eastwood, Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Relations, Queen Mary University of London
350. Jan Selby, Professor of International Politics, University of Leeds
351. Jana Omar Elkhatib, MFA Candidate, Brown University.
352. Jaskiran Dhillon, Associate Professor, The New School
353. Jasmin Johurun Nessa, University of Liverpool.
354. Jasmine Barzani, PhD candidate Melbourne University
355. Jason Beckett, Associate Professor, American University in Cairo
356. Javier González-Arellano, Profesor asociado de filosofía del Derecho Universidad Carlos III de Madrid.
357. Jean Beaman, Associate Professor, Sociology, University of California-Santa Barbara
358. Jeannette Graulau, Associate Professor, CUNY
359. Jeff Handmaker, Associate Professor, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
360. Jeffrey Sacks, Associate Professor, University of California, Riverside
361. Jehan Helou president of IBBY Palestine
362. Jehan Mohamed, Lecturer, Rutgers State University.
363. Jeremy Dell, Lecturer, University of Edinburgh
364. Jessie Daniels, PhD, Professor, CUNY
365. Jillian Rogin, Associate Professor (Law), University of Windsor.
366. Jinan Bastaki, Associate Professor of Legal Studies, NYUAD.
367. JJ Lesperance, student, Moritz College of Law
368. Jo Bluen, London School of Economics, PhD candidate
369. Joel Gordon, Professor of History, University of Arkansas
370. Johanna Ray Vollhardt, Associate Professor, Clark University
371. Johanna Ray Vollhardt, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Clark University
372. John Bellamy Foster, Profesor Emeritus, University of Oregon.
373. John L. Esposito, Distinguished University Professor, Georgetown University
374. John Reynolds, Associate Professor of International Law, Maynooth University.
375. Jolanda Guardi, Professor, University of Turin
376. Jonatahn Wheeler, Assistant professor and reasearcher, National University of Tucumán-CONICET.
377. Jordan Cortesi, PhD student, University of Kansas.
378. Jordana Silverstein, Senior Research Fellow, University of Melbourne
379. Jose Itzigsohn, Professor of Sociology, Brown University
380. Joseph Elsayyid, Yale University
381. Jude Dababneh postgraduate student University of Edinburgh.
382. Jude Kadri, independent scholar
383. Julian Go, Professor, University of Chicago
384. Juliane Hammer, Professor of Religious Studies, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
385. Julie BOÉRI, associate professor
386. Jyotirmaya Sharma, Professor, University of Hyderabad
387. Jyotirmaya Sharma, Professor, University of Hyderabad
388. Kadidia Sylla, Student at Yale University
389. Kaiya Aboagye, Senior Lecturer, University Western Sydney
390. Kareem Rabie, Associate Professor, University of Illinois at Chicago
391. Kashaf Rashid, M.A. Communication, Culture, & Technology Student , Georgetown Universityb
392. Kashaf Rashid, M.A. Student, Georgetown University
393. Kasia Paprocki, Associate Professor, London School of Economics and Political Science
394. Katherine Gallagher, Center for Constitutional Rights.
395. Katherine Natanel, Senior Lecturer in Gender Studies, University of Exeter
396. Katy Kalemkerian, John Abbott College
397. Kaveh Ehsani, Associate Professor, DePaul University- Chicago
398. Kenzie El Bakry, Graduate Social Sciences, University of Düsseldorf
399. Kevin A. Gould, Associate Professor of Geography, Concordia University
400. Kevin Skerrett, Adjunct Research Professor, Institute of Political Economy, Carleton University
401. Khaled Abou El Fadl professor UCLA law School
402. Kiran Asher, Professor and Chair, Department of Women, Gender, Sexuality Studies, UMass Amherst
403. Kirsten Forkert, Professor of Cultural Studies, Birmimgham City University.
404. Koen Leurs, Associate professor, Utrecht University
405. Kristina Richardson, Professor, University of Virginia.
406. Kurt Schock, Professor, Rutgers University, Newark
407. Laila Daqiq, scientist, RNSH
408. Laila Farah, Depaul University, Associate Professor
409. Laila Parsons, Professor, McGill University
410. Laila Shereen Sakr, Associate Professor, UC Santa Barbara
411. Laith Aqel, Clinical Lecturer in Law, Yale Law School.
412. Lana Sirri, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Amsterdam.
413. Lara Deeb, Professor of Anthropology, Scripps College
414. Lara Deeb, Professor, Scripps College
415. Lara Fricke, PhD candidate University of Exeter
416. Lara Khattab, Assistant Professor at Mount Allison University
417. Laura De Vos, Assistant Professor American Studies, Radboud University
418. Laura Fair, professor, Columbia University
419. Laura Maghețiu, Doctoral Researcher, CLaSP, Queen Mary University of London (QMUL).
420. Laura Rodriguez Castro, Southern Cross University
421. Laurie King, Anthropology, Georgetown University
422. Laurie King, Teaching Professor, Department of Anthropology, Georgetown University
423. Layli Uddin, Lecturer, Queen Mary University of London
424. Leena Grover, Associate Professor of International Law, Tilburg University
425. Leila Ullrich, Associate Professor of Criminology, University of Oxford.
426. Lena Alhusseini, Phd Student, California Institute of Integral Studies
427. Leo Spitzer, Professor of History Emeritus, Dartmouth College
428. Leyla Neyzi, Research Fellow, University of Glasgow
429. Lila Pine, Associate Professor, New Media, Toronto Metropolitan University
430. Liliana Suárez, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
431. Lindsey Parnas, alum, Georgetown SFS.
432. Lisa Hajjar, Professor of Sociology, UC Santa Barbara
433. Livia Wick, Associate Professor, American University of Beirut.
434. Liyana Kayali, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Sydney
435. Lori Allen, Reader in Anthropology, SOAS University of London.
436. Lucia Sorbera, Senior Lecturer and Chair Arabic Language and Cultures, The University of Sydney
437. Luis Andueza, Lecturer in International Development, King’s College London
438. Luis Eslava, Professor of International Law, La Trobe University & University of Kent
439. Luís Fernando Bravo de Barros – Karutana
440. M. Bahati Kuumba
441. M. Bahati Kuumba, Professor of Comparative Women’s Studies, Spelman College
442. M. Muhannad Ayyash, Professor of Sociology, Mount Royal University.
443. Macarena Aguiló, académica Universidad de Chile
444. Madeline G. Levine, Kenan Professor of Slavic Literatures Emerita, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
445. Maghraoui Driss, Al Akhawayn University, Morocco.
446. Maha Abdallah, Graduate Teaching Assistant & PhD researcher, Faculty of Law, University of Antwerp.
447. Maha Nassar, Associate Professor, University of Arizona.
448. Maha Shuayb, University of Cambridge and Centre for Lebanese Studies.
449. Mahsheed Ansari, Senior Lecturer, Charles Sturt University
450. Mahsheed Ansari, Senior Lecturer, Charles Sturt University
451. Mahvish Ahmad, Assistant Professor in Human Rights and Politics, LSE & Co-Director LSE Human Rights.
452. Mairaj Syed, Professor, Religious Studies and Middle East South Asia Studies, University of California, Davis
453. Maisha Prome, PhD Candidate, Yale University
454. Malek Abisaab , Associate Professor McGill University
455. Mandy Turner, professor of conflict, peace and humanitarian affairs, University of Manchester, UK.
456. Margaux L Kristjansson, Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow in Native American and Indigenous Studies, Bard College
457. Maria Bhatti, lecturer, School of Law, Western Sydney University
458. Maria Cristina Paciello, researcher, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice
459. Maria Federica Moscati, Reader in Law and Society, University of Sussex.
460. Maria Haro Sly, Ph.D. Candidate, Johns Hopkins University.
461. Maria LaHood, Deputy Legal Director, Center for Constitutional Rights.
462. Maria Rashid Fellow, Gender Studies Department, London School of Economics.
463. Maria Tzanakopoulou, Lecturer in Law, Birkbeck, University of London
464. Mariam Motamedi Fraser, Reader in Sociology, Goldsmiths, University of London
465. Mariana Gkiati, Assistant Professor, Tilburg University
466. Marianne Hirschberg, Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Kassel, Germany.
467. Marieke Potma, PhD-candidate, University for Humanistic Studies.
468. Marieke Potma, PhD-candidate, University for Humanistic Studies.
469. Marilù Mastrogiovanni, Adjunct professor in Journalism, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”
470. Mario Novelli, University of Sussex
471. Marion Kaplan, NYU, Emerita
472. Marion Kaplan, NYU, Emerita
473. Marjorie Cohn, Dean, People’s Academy of International Law
474. Marjorie Cohn, Founding Dean, People’s Academy of International Law
475. Mark Goodman, Professor, Sociology, York University, Toronto
476. Marsha Henry, London School of Economics
477. Marsha Rosengarten, Professor of Sociology, Goldsmiths University of London
478. Marta Giallombardo, PhD candidate, Università degli studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia.
479. Marwa Daoudy, Associate Professor, Georgetown University
480. Marwa Neji, researcher, Ghent University, Belgium.
481. Mary Ana McGlasson, Director, Centre for Humanitarian Leadership, Deakin University, Melbourne
482. Mary Ellen Davis, part-time faculty, Concordia University, Montréal
483. Maryam Aldossari, Associate Professor, Royal Holloway University of London
484. Maryam Aldossari, Senior Lecturer at Royal Holloway University of London
485. Mathias Tripp Dipl Elementary päd, Innsbruck Univers.
486. Matt Howard, Lecturer, University of Kent
487. Matteo Capasso, University of Venice, Italy.
488. Matthew Cole, Lecturer in Technology, Work and Employment.
489. Maud Anne Bracke, Professor of modern European history, University of Glasgow UK
490. Maura Finkelstein, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Muhlenberg College
491. Mauricio Amar, Centro de Estudios Árabes Eugenio Chahuan, Universidad de Chile.
492. Maya Mikdashi, Associate Professor, Rutgers University.
493. Mayur Suresh, Senior Lecturer, Soas University of London.
494. Mazen Masri, Senior Lecturer in Law, The City Law School, City University of London.
495. Maziar Behrooz, San Francisco State University
496. Meera Sabaratnam, Associate Professor, University of Oxford
497. Mehrdad F. Samadzadeh, University of Toronto
498. Melanie Richter-Montpetit, Senior Lecturer in International Security, Department of International Relations, University of Sussex.
499. Melinda González, Assistant Professor, Georgetown University
500. Micah Khater, Assistant Professor, University of California-Berkeley
501. Michael Daniel Yates, Professor Emeritus, University of Pittsburghersity of Pittsburgh
502. Michael Fakhri, professor at the University of Oregon.
503. Michael Rodríguez-Muñiz, Associate Professor, University of California, Berkeley
504. Michael Rothberg, Professor of English, Comparative Literature, and Holocaust Studies, UCLA.
505. Michel Feher, Editor/Publisher, Zone books, NY.
506. Michelle Burgis-Kasthala, Senior Lecturer in Public International Law
507. Michelle Hartman, Professor, McGill University
508. Michiel Bot, Associate Professor, Tilburg Law School.
509. Miguel Valderrama, investigador adjunto Instituto de Filosofía, Universidad Diego Portales.
510. Minoo Moallem, Professor, UC Berkeley
511. Miriam Ticktin, Professor, CUNY Graduate Center.
512. Miriyam Aouragh, Professor, University of Westminster.
513. Mirjam Twigt, Leiden University
514. Mohamed Ali, PhD Candidate, Georgetown University
515. Mohamed Mathee, Senior Lecturer, University of Johannesburg.
516. Mohamed Sayed, Associate instructor and PhD candidate at Indiana University
517. Mohamed Wajdi Ben Hammed, Assistant Professor at UC Berkeley
518. Mohammad Ataie, Lecturer, University of Massachusetts Amherst.
519. Mohammad Fakhreddine, Assistant Teaching Professor, Georgetown University
520. Mohammad Shahabuddin, Professor, University of Birmingham
521. Mohammed Abukhdeir. Abukhdeir family President
522. Mohammed Sawaie, Professor, University of Virginia
523. Mohsen al Attar, Reader, Associate Dean, XJTLU
524. Mona Baker, University of Oslo
525. Monisha Das Gupta, University of Hawaiʻi
526. Mridula Mukherjee JNU India Retired Professor
527. Murad Idris, Associate Professor, University of Michigan
528. Myria Georgiou, Professor, LSE
529. Mythri Jegathesan, Associate Professor, Santa Clara University.
530. Nabil Al-Tikriti, Professor, University of Mary Washington
531. Nabil Salih, graduate student at Bard College
532. Nada Elia, Visiting Professor, Western Washington University
533. Nadeem Karkabi, Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of Haifa
534. Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian- Lawrence D Biele Chair in Law, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Global Chair in Law, Queen Mary University of London.
535. Nadia Abu El-Haj, Ann Whitney Olin Professor, Barnard College & Columbia University.
536. Nadia Ahmad, Associate Professor of Law, Barry University; PhD Student, Yale School of the Environment
537. Nadia Guessous, Colorado College
538. Nadine El-Enany, Professor of Law, University of Kent.
539. Nadje Al-Ali, Professor of Anthropology and Middle East Studies, Brown University
540. Nahla Abdo, Professor, Carleton University.
541. Naiefa Rashied, Lecturer: School of Economics, University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
542. Nalini Mohabir, Associate Professor, Concordia University.
543. Nancy Gallagher, professor emerita, UCSB
544. Nandini Chandra, Associate Professor, University of Hawaii at Manoa
545. Naomi Painter, Student, University of Kansas.
546. Naomi Taub, Postdoctoral Fellow, UCLA
547. Naomi Taub, Postdoctoral Fellow, UCLA
548. Naoual El Yattouti, PhD Researcher University of Antwerp
549. Natalie Kouri-Towe, Associate Professor, Concordia University
550. Nathalie Khankan, Continuing Lecturer, UC Berkeley
551. Nathaniel George, Lecturer in Politics of the Middle East, SOAS, University of London
552. Naveed Ahmad Mir. PhD student and GTA, Kent Law School.
553. Naveeda Khan, Associate Professor, Johns Hopkins University
554. Nazia Kazi, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Stockton University.
555. Nesrine Badawi, Associate Professor, The American University in Cairo
556. Nesrine Badawi, Associate Professor, The American University in Cairo
557. Nichola Khan. Professor, University of Edinburgh
558. Nicola Perugini, Associate Professor, University of Edinburgh.
559. Nicola Pratt, Professor of the International Politics of the Middle East, University of Warwick
560. Nicola Soekoe, Counsel, Pan African Bar Association of South Africa (PABASA).
561. Nicole Ranganath, Assistant Professor, UC Davis
562. Nicos Trimikliniotis, Professor, University of Nicosia.
563. Nida Kirmani, Associate Professor, Lahore University of Management Sciences
564. Nikhita Mendis, Anthropology PhD Student, University of Chicago
565. Nimet Cebeci, PhD Candidate, Harvard University
566. Nina Eliasoph, University of Southern California
567. Nina Eliasoph, University of Southern California
568. Nina Farnia, Assistant Professor, Albany Law School
569. Nisha Kapoor, Associate Professor, University of Warwick
570. Nivi Manchanda, Reader in International Politics Queen Mary University of London
571. Noah Salomon, Associate Professor, University of Virginia
572. Noor Gieles, MD & PhD student, Amsterdam UMC.
573. Nora E.H. Parr, Research Fellow, University of Birmingham
574. Norma Rantisi, Concordia University.
575. Nour El Kadri, Professor, University of Ottawa
576. Noura Erakat, Associate Professor, Rutgers University, New Brunswick.
577. Noura Nasser, PhD student, LSE.
578. Noureddine Jebnoun, Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University
579. Noureddine Jebnoun, Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University
580. Ntina Tzouvala, Associate Professor ANU College of Law.
581. Nur Ali, President Musalla Masjid Catpets
582. Nusrat S Chowdhury, Associate Professor, Amherst College
583. Olga Grau, Universidad de Chile (J).
584. Olga Touloumi, Associate Professor, Bard College
585. Oludamini Ogunnaike, University of Virginia
586. Olúfẹ́mi O. Táíwò, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Georgetown University
587. Omar Al-Ghazzi, Associate Professor, London School of Economics and Political Science
588. Omar Farahat, Associate Professor, McGill University
589. Omar Jabary Salamanca, Postdoc Fellow, Université libre de Bruxelles.
590. Omer Bartov, Samuel Pisar Professor of Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Department of History; Faculty Fellow, Watson Institute for International & Public Affairs, Brown University.
591. Omid Safi, Professor, Duke University
592. Omnia El Shakry, Professor of History, Yale University
593. Omnia El Shakry, Professor of History, Yale University
594. Omr Kassem, University of Chicago
595. Osman Bakar, Professor of Islamic Thought, International Islamic University Malaysia
596. Othman Belkebir, Ph.D researcher, Geneva Graduate Institute.
597. Ozlem Biner Senior Lecturer in Anthropology, SOAS
598. Pablo Oyarzun R., Universidad de Chile.
599. Paola Rivetti, associate professor, Dublin City University
600. Paola Zichi, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Warwick Law School
601. Patricia Sampedro, postgraduate student in International Development at the University of Oxford
602. Patrick Shi Timmer, Postgraduate Student, King’s College London.
603. Paula Chakravartty, James Weldon Johnson Associate Professor of Media Studies, NYU
604. Pauline Martini, Doctoral researcher, Queen Mary University of London.
605. Pete W. Moore, Associate Professor, Case Western Reserve University
606. Peter Drury, Kent Law School, PhD Student.
607. Peter Hallward, Professor of Philosophy, Kingston University UK
608. Pietro Masina, professor, University of Naples L’Orientale.
609. Pınar Kemerli, Assistant Professor, Bard College
610. Polly Withers, Leverhulme ECF, LSE
611. Pooja Rangan, Associate Professor of English in Film and Media Studies, Amherst College
612. Popy Begum, Saint Louis University.
613. Pramod Yadava, Professor (superannuated), JNU
614. Prof dr. Yolande Jansen , University of Amsterdam.
615. Prof Santosh Mehrotra , Visiting Prof, institute for Policy Research, University of Bath, UK
616. Prof. Andrea Teti, Associate Professor of Political Science, Univeristy of Salerno, Italy.
617. Prof.Mohan Rao, former professor at JNU, New Delhi
618. Professor Alana Lentin
619. Professor Ben Golder, UNSW
620. Professor Diana Jeater, Professor of African History, University of Liverpool
621. Professor Dina Al-Kassim, University of British Columbia
622. Professor Gargi Bhattacharyya, University of the Arts.
623. Professor Issa Shivji, Professor Emeritus, University of Dar es Salaam
624. Professor Jenny Phillimore, University of Birmingham
625. Professor Karma Nabulsi, University of Oxford
626. Professor Madawi Al-Rasheed, LSE.
627. Professor Yosefa Loshitzky, SOAS, University of London, UK.
628. R. Brian Ferguson, Rutgers University-Newark
629. Rabea Eghbariah, SJD Candidate, Harvard Law School.
630. Rachad Antonius, retired full professor, Université du Québec à Montréal
631. Rahima Siddique, Phd Student, University of Manchester.
632. Rahul Rao, Reader, University of St Andrews
633. Rami G Khouri, American University of Beirut.
634. Ran Zwigenberg, Associate Professor of Asian Studies, History, and Jewish Studies, Pennsylvania State University.
635. Rana Kazkaz, Associate Professor, Northwestern University Qatar
636. Rana M.Aslam Pervaiz Principal (R)
637. Randa M. Wahbe; PhD student; Harvard University
638. Randa Tawil, Texas Christian University
639. Raphael Salkie, Emeritus Professor of Language Studies, University of Brighton
640. Rasha Bayoumi, Associate Professor of Psychology, University of Birmingham
641. Rashid Yahiaoui, Assistant Professor, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar.
642. Ratna Kapur, Professor, Queen Mary University of London
643. Raz Segal, Associate Professor of Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Stockton University.
644. Razan AlSalah, Concordia University.
645. Rebecca Ruth Gould, Professor, SOAS University of London.
646. Reem Abou-El-Fadl, Senior Lecturer in Comparative Politics of the Middle East, SOAS University of London
647. Reem Al-Botmeh , Lecturer, Institute of law, Birzeit University
648. Reem Awny Abuzaid, PhD candidate, University of Warwick
649. Renate Bridenthal, The City University of New York
650. Renisa Mawani, Professor, Sociology, University of British Columbia.
651. Reuven Pinnata, Ph.D. Candidate, University of Washington.
652. Rhys Machold, Senior Lecturer, University of Glasgow
653. Ricarda Hammer, Assistant Professor, UC Berkeley
654. Richard Clements, Assistant Professor, Tilburg Law School
655. Richard Falk, Professor emeritus of international law at Princeton University.
656. Richard Marcuse, Anthropology, formerly University of Victoria
657. Richard Wild, Principal Lecturer in Criminology, University of Greenwich
658. Robert Crews, Professor of History, Stanford University
659. Roberto Filippello, Assistant Professor at University of Amsterd.
660. Rochelle Davis, Sultanate of Oman Associate Professor, Georgetown University
661. Rodante van der Waal, PhD-candidate, University for Humanistic Studies.
662. Rodrigo C. Bulamah, Professor, State University of Rio de Janeiro
663. Roger Heacock, Professor of history emeritus , Birzeit University, Palestine
664. Ronak Kapadia, Associate Professor, University of Illinois Chicago
665. Rose Parfitt, Senior Lecturer in International Law, University of Kent.
666. Rosemarie Buikema , professor of art, culture and diversity
667. Roxana Pessoa Cavalcanti, University of Brighton
668. Roxana Pey, académica Universidad de Chile.
669. Ruba Salih, Professor, Università di Bologna.
670. Ruth Fletcher, Reader in Law, Queen Mary University of London
671. S. Sayyid, Professor of Decolonial Thought and Social Theory, University of Leeds.
672. S. Yaser Mirdamadi Researcher and lecturere at the Institute of Ismaʼili Studies, London.
673. Saada Hammad, part time instructor, Holt Spirit University of Kaslik.
674. Saadat Umar Pirzada, Assistant Lecturer, PhD Candidate, Kent Law School.
675. Sacide Ataş, Ph.D. Candidate, Istanbul Medeniyet University
676. Sadiyya Haffejee, Associate Professor, University of Johannesburg.
677. Sa’ed Atshan, Associate Professor of Peace and Conflict Studies and Anthropology, Swarthmore College
678. Sai Englert, Lecturer, Leiden University.
679. Samer Abdelnour, Senior Lecturer, University of Edinburgh.
680. Samer Jabbour, Researcher, Syrian Center for Policy Studies.
681. Sami Hermez, Director of Liberal Arts Program and Associate professor of Anthropology, Northwestern University in Qatar
682. Samia Bano, SOAS, University of London.
683. Samia Henni, Cornell University
684. Sana F Ali, MD; Yale School of Medicine
685. Sandro Mezzadra, Professor, University ofBologna
686. Saniya Ahmed, student, Leicester college
687. Santiago Alberto Vargas Niño, Lecturer in IH(R)L and ICL, Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá D.C., Colombia
688. Santosh Anand, Assistant Lecturer, Kent Law School, University of Kent.
689. Sara Chaudhry, Senior Lecturer, Birkbeck
690. Sara Dehm, Senior Lecturer, University of Technology Sydney
691. Sara Elbrolosy, Georgetown University.
692. Sara Matthews, Associate Professor of Culture and Conflict, Global Studies and Communication Studies, Wilfrid Laurier University
693. Sara Pursley, Associate Professor, New York University
694. Sarah Bracke, Professor, University of Amsterdam.
695. Sarah El-Kazaz, Senior Lecturer, SOAS, University of London
696. Sarah Ghabrial, Assoc. Prof, Concordia University (Montreal)
697. Sarah Ihmoud, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, The College of the Holy Cross.
698. Sarah Irving, lecturer in history, Staffordshire University
699. Sarah Keenan, Reader in Law, Birkbeck College, University of London
700. Sarah Lamble, Reader in Criminology, Birkbeck, University of London
701. Sarah Phillips, Professor of Global Conflict and Development, The University of Sydney
702. Sarah Raymundo , Assistant Professor , Center for Intetnational Studies University of the Philippines Diliman
703. Sasan Fayazmanesh, Professor Emeritus of Economics, California State University, Fresno
704. Scheherazade Bloul, PhD, Deakin University
705. Scott Newton, Professor of Laws of Central Asia, SOAS University of London
706. Sean Lee, Assistant Professor of Political Science, American University in Cairo
707. Sean T. Mitchell, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Rutgers University-Newark
708. Sebastián Link, PhD student, Johns Hopkins University.
709. Selim Can Bilgin, Partner at Kabine Law.
710. Shabbir Agha Abbas, PhD Candidate, University of Arizona
711. Shabnam Holliday, University of Plymouth
712. Shahd Hammouri, University of Kent.
713. Shakuntala Banaji, Professor, LSE
714. Sharika Thiranagama, Associate Professor, Stanford University Dept. of Anthropology.
715. Sharmila Parmanand, Assistant Professor, London School of Economics and Political Science.
716. Sheer Ganor, History, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities.
717. Shehnaz Abdeljaber, University of Pennsylavania
718. Sherene Seikaly, UCSB
719. Shirin Saeidi, University of Arkansas
720. Shohini Sengupta, Associate Professor, O.P. Jindal Global University, India
721. Siddhartha Deb, Associate Professor, The New School
722. Siggie Vertommen, Assistant Professor at University of Amsterdam.
723. Sigrid Schmalzer, Professor of History, University of Masschusetts Amherst
724. Silvia Groaz, Professor of Architecture History, ENSA Paris-Est
725. Silvia Posocco, Reader in Social Anthropology, Birkbeck, University of London
726. Simidele Dosekun, Assistant Professor, London School of Economics and Political Science
727. Simon McKenzie, Lecturer, Griffith Law School
728. Simone Sibilio, Associate Professor, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice
729. Sinead Eing, Lecturer School of Law and Criminology Maynooth University
730. Sivamohan Valluvan, Associate Professor, University of Warwick
731. Sladjana Lazic, Assistant Professor, University of Innsbruck.
732. Sneha Annavarapu, Yale-NUS college
733. Sophia Brown, postdoctoral researcher, Freie Universität Berlin
734. Sophia Stamatopoulou-Robbins, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Bard College
735. Sophie Richter-Devroe, Associate Professor, Hamad Bin Khalifa University
736. Sophie Richter-Devroe, Associate Professor, Hamad Bin Khalifa University
737. Spriha Gupta, Independent scholar.
738. Stefan Kipfer, York University
739. Stephanie Deig, PhD Candidate, University of Lucerne
740. Steven Alan Carr, Director, Institute for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Purdue University Fort Wayne (affiliation for identification purposes only).
741. Steven I. Levine, Research Faculty Associate, Dept. of History, University of Montana, USA
742. Sujith Xavier, Associate Professor & Associate Dean, Research and Graduate Studies.
743. Sultan Doughan, Lecturer, Goldsmiths, University of London.
744. Sumathy Sivamohan, Professor, University of Peradeniya.
745. Sumatjy Sivamohan Professor, University of Peradeniya.
746. Sumayya Kassamali, Assistant Professor, University of Toronto
747. Sumedha Choudhury, PhD candidate, Melbourne Law School
748. Sumi Madhok, London School of Economics.
749. Sune Haugbolle, Professor, Roskilde University
750. Suraya Ansari Rasouli
751. Suraya Khan, Assistant Professor, San Antonio College
752. Susan M. Akram, Clinical Professor, Boston University School of Law
753. Susanne Wessendorf, Professor of Social Anthropology, Coventry University
754. Suvir Kaul, University of Pennsylvania
755. Suzana Rahde Gerchmann, PhD candidate and GTA at City, University of London.
756. Swati Chattopadhyay, Professor, University of California, Santa Barbara
757. Sydney Chuen, Georgetown University.
758. Syed Muhammad Omar, PhD Research, University of Kansas
759. Syeda Masood, Phd candidate, Brown University
760. Tahseen Kazi, independent scholar.
761. Tamanisha J. John, Assistant Professor at York University
762. Tamsin Phillipa Paige, Senior Lecturer, Deakin Law School
763. Taner Akcam, Director of Armenian Genocide Research Program at Promise Armenian Institute, UCLA.
764. Tani Barlow, Professor of History, Rice University
765. Tania Saeed, Associate Professor, Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), Pakistan
766. Tannous chalhoub, Assistant professor, Faculty of engineering
767. Tanya Serisier, Reader in Feminist Theory and Criminology, Birkbeck, University of London
768. Tanzil Chowdhury, Associate Professor of Public Law, Queen Mary University of London
769. Tarik Nejat Dinc, Visiting Assistant Professor, Reed College
770. Tariq Khan Associate Professor, Govt College Township Lahore.
771. Tariq Malik, independent researcher, scholar & author.
772. Tasniem Anwar, assistant professor Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
773. Tendayi Achiume, Professor of Law UCLA School of Law
774. Tendayi Achiume, Professor of Law UCLA School of Law
775. Teresa Almeida Cravo, Associate Professor, University of Coimbra, Portugal
776. Terri Ginsberg, Faculty, City University of New York
777. Thomas Blom Hansen, Professor of Anthropology, Stanford University.
778. Thomas Cowan, University of Nottingham
779. Tim Lindgren, Postdoctoral Fellow at Amsterdam Law School, University of Amsterdam.
780. Tim Lindgren, Postdoctoral Fellow in International Law at Amsterdam Law School, University of Amsterdam
781. Timothy Mitchell, Professor, Columbia University
782. Tom Frost, Senior Lecturer, Kent Law School.
783. Tom Pettinger, Research Fellow, University of Warwick
784. Tor Krever, Assistant Professor in International Law, University of Cambridge
785. Tori Fleming, Doctoral Student, York University
786. Traek Z. Ismail, CUNY School of Law
787. Trevor Lies, Ph.D. Candidate, University of Kansas.
788. Trevor Ngwane, senior lecturer, University of Johannesburg
789. Triestino Mariniello, LJMU
790. Trishna M, Student, Geneva Graduate Institute
791. Ubeydullah Ademi, PhD Student, Northwestern University
792. Umair Pervez, Instructor University of Calgary
793. Usha Natarajan, LPE Faculty Fellow, Yale Law School
794. Usha Natarajan, LPE Faculty Fellow, Yale Law School
795. Valentina Zagaria, Research Associate, Anthropology Department, University of Manchester
796. Valerie Forman, Associate professor, New York University
797. Van Aken Mauro University of Milan-Bicocca, Italy
798. Vanessa Ramos, Asociación Americana de Juristas, President
799. Vanina Trojan, human rights lawyer
800. Vasiliki Touhouliotis, Adjunct Faculty and Independent Scholar, Portland State University
801. Vasken Markarian, PhD alum, University of Texas at Austin
802. Vasuki Nesiah, Professor of Practice in Human Rights and International Law, The Gallatin School, NYU.
803. Veronica Buffon, Indipendent Researcher, Italy
804. Victoria Sanford, PhD, Lehman Professor of Excellence, Lehman College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York.
805. Victoria Veguilla del Moral, Pablo de Olvide University
806. Vida Samiian, Professor & Dean Emerita, CSU Fresno
807. Vikki Bell, Professor of Sociology, Goldsmiths, University of London
808. Vivan, Itala, Professor, Università degli Studi, Milano, Italy
809. Wail S. Hassan, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
810. Walaa Alqaisiya, University of Venice-Italy.
811. Waqas Tufail, Reader in Criminology, Leeds Beckett University
812. Waseem Yaqoob, Lecturer, History of Political Thought
813. Wassim Naboulsi, Research Associate in IR, University of Sussex.
814. Wendy Brown, Professor, Institute for Advanced Study.
815. Wendy DeSouza, Adjunct Professor in Women and Gender Studies, Sonoma State University
816. Wendy Gifford, Professor, University of Ottawa
817. Wendy Pearlman, Professof Political Science, Northwestern University.
818. William I Robinson, Distinguished Professor of Sociology, University of California at Santa Barbara
819. William Mazzarella, Neukom Family Professor of Anthropology, University of Chicago
820. Yaseen Noorani, Associate Professor, University of Arizona
821. Yaser Amouri, PhD, Public International Law, Birzeit University, Palestine
822. Yasmeen Azam, graduate student, UC Berkeley
823. Yasmeen Hanoosh, Professor, Portland State University
824. Yasmine Hamud, Undergraduate Student, University of Edinburgh
825. Yasmine Kherfi, PhD Student, LSE.
826. Yusuf Ahmed, Tutor, SOAS.
827. Zahra Ali, Assistant Professor at Rutgers University-Newark.
828. Zahra Moloo, PhD candidate, Human Geography, University of Toronto
829. zakia salime, Associate Professor , Rutgers
830. Zeina Jamal, PhD, Queen Margaret University
831. Zoé Samudzi, Visiting Assistant Professor, Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Clark University
832. Zoha Waseem, University of Warwick
833. Zoya Hasan, Professor Emerita, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi